The Territory of Buganda


At its founding, the Kingdom of Buganda had only a small territory consisting of the counties of Busiro, Busujju, Kyaddondo and Mawokota; as well as small portions of Ssingo and Bulemeezi counties. Most of the surrounding territory was the dominion of the kings of Bunyoro. There was considerable rivalry between Bunyoro and Buganda, and constant fighting over territory. Gradually, Buganda was able to expand its territory at the expense of Bunyoro until it grew to the twenty counties that constituted Buganda at its pinnacle. The islands of Ssese were autonomous within Buganda right from its founding, being reserved as the islands of the gods. They were not directly governed by the kings of Buganda until after the 1900 agreement. The following list gives the counties, their respective headquarters, the title of the county chief, the designated rank of the county within Buganda, and how the county came to be part of Buganda. A map showing the location of each county is given at the bottom of the page.

The Counties of Buganda

 

County

Headquarters

Chief's Title

Designated Rank

How Acquired

1

Buddu

Masaka

Ppookino

Mutuba II

Annexed by Jjunju from Bunyoro

2

Bugerere

Ntenjeru

Mugerere

 

Annexed by Semei Kakungulu from Bunyoro

3

Bulemeezi

Ggaga

Kangaawo

 

Some of it original territory, rest annexed from Bunyoro

4

Buruli

Nakasongola

Kimbugwe

 

From Bunyoro, 1900 Agreement

5

Busiro

Ssentema

Ssebwana

 

Original Territory

6

Busujju

Mwera

Kasujju

 

Original Territory

7

Butambala

Kaabasanda

Katambala

 

Annexed by Kateregga from Bunyoro

8

Buvuma

Maggyo

Mbuubi

 

Annexed by Mwanga II

9

Buweekula

Kiryannongo

Luwekula

 

Annexed by Kamaanya from Bunyoro

10

Ggomba

Kanoni

Kitunzi

Mutuba I

Annexed by Kateregga from Bunyoro

11

Kabula

Kabula

Luwama

 

Ceded to Buganda from Ankole

12

Kkooki

Rakai

Kaamuswaga

 

Tributary kingdom, subsumed 1896

13

Kyaddondo

Kasangati

Kaggo

Ssabaddu

Original Territory

14

Kyaggwe

Mukono

Ssekiboobo

Ssabawaali

Annexed by Kimera

15

Mawogola

Ssembabule

Muteesa

 

Mostly curved out of Buddu, 1900 Agreement

16

Mawokota

Butoolo

Kayima

Musaale

Original Territory

17

Ssese

Kalangala

Kweba

Islands of the Gods

Originally autonomous, became county in 1900

18

Ssingo

Mitiyana

Mukwenda

Ssabagabo

Some of it original territory, rest from Bunyoro

19

Bugangazzi*

Kakumiro

Kiyimba

 

Given by British, 1896

20

Buyaga*

Kibaale

Kyambalango

 

Given by British, 1896

* These counties were transferred from Bunyoro to Buganda in 1896 by the British colonial rulers. This was a reward to the rulers of Buganda who had collaborated with the British in their fight against king Kabarega of Bunyoro. Kabarega had vigorously resisited the colonization of his kingdom. After Uganda's independence from Britain, they reverted back to Bunyoro following a referendum in those counties in 1964.

 

Buganda Map

 

Map of Buganda at its height


Return To: | Top Of This Page | List of Counties | Buganda Home Page |